A working paper produced by the National Endowment for Democracy’s International Forum for Democratic Studies.
This paper draws on two methods—a mapping exercise of civil society initiatives and a survey of leading CSOs working in this field. This approach reveals that CSOs bring a wide range of skill sets to the problem of digital disinformation. Some organizations focus on digital media literacy and education; others engage in advocacy and policy work. Another segment has developed expertise in fact-checking and verification. Other organizations have developed refined technical skills for extracting and analyzing data from social media platforms.
This research yielded several clear observations about the state of CSO responses to disinformation and, in turn, suggests several recommendations for paths forward.